Glossary of Loose-Leaf Binder and Index Tab Terminology
Appliqué: Decorating technique on heat sealed vinyl binders. Requires special dies to reproduce logos, etc. in raised form from various colored vinyl.
Backbone: Sometimes referred to as "spine", it is the part of the binder holding the covers together.
Binding: The area of the binder which holds the cover and inserted material together.
Binding side: The location and dimension of the portion of the binder carrying the loose-leaf mechanism and the location of punching of paper or inserts that will be held by the mechanism. A letter-size (11" X 8.5") binder or insert generally has a binding side on the 11" dimension and is referred to as "11 Inch Binding Side". Conversely, the opposite side of the binder or insert is referred to as the "non-binding" side.
Board: Stock material of varying thickness (gauge) and flexibility sandwiched between cover material and linings of binders. Thickness is measured in .000 inches and can vary from .020" (flexible) to .250" (heavy & stiff). There are several qualities of board - genuine binders board, pasted chipboard, red-flex.
Board Size: The exact size of the board used for covers and backbone of binders.
Boosters: Protrusions or levers on ring mechanism used to open, open and close, or open and close and lock the rings.
Capacity: (a) of mechanism or (b) of binder, refers to thickness of total inserts that may be adequately held. A binder could have greater capacity than the binder mechanism to allow for expandable pockets, cassette holders, etc. For example, a 1" capacity ring mechanism could be put into a 1.5" capacity binder.
Case Made: Generally referred to as Turned Edge where a binder case is made by gluing oversized covering material to boards and turning edges over to the inside of boards and applying lining material for a finished look. See an example of a Case Made Binder.
Catalog Binders: Heavy duty binders of large capacities. Mechanisms are usually post type metals. See an example of a Catalog Binder.
Center-to-Center: (C-C) The exact measurement between the centers of rings and posts.
Clear Entrapment Vinyl Binders & Boxes: Clear Entrapment Binders and Packages have a clear vinyl overlay that is placed on the outside of the vinyl binder over your selected printed sheets. The clear vinyl “entraps” and seals in the printed sheets so they cannot shift placement and cannot be removed. Then you have the option of using any type of 4-color process or other printed sheet under the clear cover—depending upon the type binder or package you need.
Clear Overlay Binders: Clear Overlay Binders are versatile ring binders with a unique advantage: clear vinyl pockets (e.g. front cover, back cover, and spine) can be sealed on the outside panel(s) of your vinyl binder (or box) to allow for the insertion of a printed sheet(s). Then you can slide inserts in and out making the binder usable for several different projects.
Closed Overall: The outside dimensions of a binder in a closed position. See also Open Overall.
Color: The definition of the color of material, ink, foil, etc. By reference to color names or numbers listed in swatches, color chips, or Pantone Matching System numbers.
Concealed Rivets: Construction method where rivets fastening mechanism into binder are concealed under the covering of the backbone, which can be flat or rounded.
Copy: Letters and words to be imprinted on binders with logos and designs. Generally refers to all that is to be imprinted.
Corners: Corners on non-binding side of binders. May be round or square.
Cut Flush: Binders made of one piece of one ply material such as poly, lexitone, fiber, flexhide, etc.
Debossing: Technique of using dies to sink decoration into material and also to flatten grain of material with a debossing die. See also Embossing.
Dies: Tools or devices for imparting a desired shape, form or finish to material.
Easel: A ring binder constructed with fold back covers or tent shaped covers to produce a free standing binder for presentations and reference. See an example of an Easel Binder.
Easel Binders – Platform: Platform Easel Binders are a type of presentation easel binder that is particularly suited for desktop sales presentations. You can open up the back panel to create the easel stand and fold the front cover over toward the back, and voila—a binder that is also a standing easel to impress everyone at your next presentation.
Easel Binders – Split Back: Split Back Easel Binders are another style of presentation binder that makes reading easy as the binder stands on a desk, table, computer workstation, etc. These binders are constructed so the bottom half of the cover bends backward from the metal ring, thus providing a convenient display of the binder contents at a comfortable reading angle for the user.
Euro (or Euro Scored) Binders: A Euro Binder is a unique type of turned edge (or casemade) binder that is made from a one-piece board after its covered and lined. It is scored on a machine with multi-scores to give a round back look, or just two scores to give a square look.
Embossing: A decorating technique using stamping dies to produce raised letters and logos generally on one ply binders. See also Debossing.
Expanding Binder: A binder constructed with a telescoping backbone and adjustable posts allowing capacity ranges from a stated minimum to a maximum range. See an example of an expandable Post Binder.
Grain: (a) a simulated texture imprinted into a covering material. (b) the general alignment of fibers obtained in the manufacture of board and paper.
Gusset: An accordion type fold in binder pockets, 1-ply bindings - to allow for expansion.
Seal Process: Technique of applying vinyl sheets over boards and electronically sealing edges and hinges to form a binder cover.
Hinges: The part of the binder where front and back cover join the backbone. Hinges may consist of the covering material and lining. May be reinforced with nylon or fabric. Piano type metal hinges are available for heavy use binders. See an example of Metal Hinge Binders.
Label Holder: A clear-faced pocket sealed onto vinyl binders. May be recessed into turned edge binders (See Case Made)
Lining: Material placed over boards on inside of binders.
Memo Binders: Memo Binders are produced for smaller sheet sizes and typically have 6-rings. They are often used for club membership, employee, and other varieties of handy directories. As with other binders, memo binders can be customized by silk-screening or foil-stamping your custom artwork, and pockets, business card holders, and notepad clips, etc can also be added.
Pockets: Material is sealed inside vinyl binders to form pockets to hold unpunched material. Can also be made in turned edge binders(See Case Made). Pockets are usually horizontal in stiff binders and vertical in flexible binders.
Poly: Polyethylene material for one ply plastic binders - extremely durable and cost effective. Available in many gauges.
Poly Ring Binders: Poly (made of Polyethylene of Polypropylene) Ring Binders are economical, lightweight, and extremely durable. These binders are ideal for reference or training guides, price lists, etc that get a lot of daily use.
Post Binders: Post binders are specifically designed to hold large quantities of material. They are available in 3" or 4" fixed or expandable capacity. These binders can be used to hold numerous catalogs or price sheets.
Printing Terms: See complete printing terms glossary below.
Proof: The photographic reproduction of the copy to be imprinted on binders and index tabs.
Reinforcement: Material added to strengthen binder hinges, edges of binder inserts, and index.
Sheet Lifters: Plastic or fiber strips placed on rings to help sheets move smoothly over rings and minimize damage to sheets.
Sheet Lifter Booster: Booster patented by Specialty Loose Leaf to ensure sheet lifter is moved to the front of the mechanism. This protects inserted paper and facilitates an easy closure to full binders.
Sheet Size: The dimensions of inserts or sheets to be put into a binder. The binding side (B.S.) is the first dimension referred to. A letter sized sheet is 11" (B.S.) X 8.5".
Silk Screening: Decorating technique using screens of silk or nylon on which copy and designs are photographically produced. Various colored inks are forced through the screen mesh onto binder cover material.
Stamping: Decorating technique using metal dies with various colored foils. Heat and pressure from the die adheres designs and copy onto the cover material from the selected foil cover.
Tab Allowance: Binders are made to accommodate sheet sizes such as 11 X 8-1/2, 8-1/2 X 5-1/2, 11 X 17. Extra width of binder covers can be provided to cover or allow for index tab dividers
Turned Edge: See Case Made above
Turned Edge (or Casemade) Binders and Boxes: This high-class construction style of custom binders and boxes dates back several centuries from the early days of bookbinding that featured hand crafted books with glued smooth edges. Today, the turned edge style is affordable because of automation—coupled with old world craftsmanship. Each individual turned edge binder is made with care; the outside edges are turned by hand over stiff or flexible board. And you can choose from a wide selection of durable, attractive cover materials that won¹t crack or split. There is no more impressive way to use 4-color graphics or gold stamping on a binder or box than using turned edge construction.
Turned Edge and Sewn: This is the highest end binder construction type you can purchase. Expanded cloth supported vinyl is turned over board and sewn. Then, a panel is used on the inside as a liner that covers the raw edge of the cover material.
Vinyl: Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic sheeting used to cover vinyl binders. Available in various gauges, colors, and grains which must be exactly specified for correct binder production.
Virgin Vinyl: Plastic made with all new material - no recycled vinyl used
Index Tab Terminology
Artwork is normally supplied for body copy only. It can be supplied as reflective artwork or as an electronic file. We accept PC or Mac based files, preferably in Quark Express or Illustrator.
Note: We will internally typeset your tabs at no charge.
A bank of tabs is a complete row of same size tabs running the length of the face edge. The face edge is normally the 11" edge.
Blank tabs are index tabs that have no printing. Blank tabs can be inventoried at your location for imprinting on your copier on-demand. See ReproTabs® - Printable plain & laminated blank index tabs.
Printed colors that run all the way to (and off) the edge of the paper. This requires that the press size of the sheets be larger than the finished size and requires extra cutting.
Body copy is any printing on the tab sheet other than on the tab extension.
Body / Overall Sizes
The body size of an index tab sheet is normally 11" x 8 1/2". It is the dimensions of the tab sheet without the tab. The overall size of an index tab sheet is normally 11" x 9". It is the dimensions of the tab sheet with the tab.
Camera Ready Art
Artwork that has all type, line art and graphics in place, correctly sized (formatted) and ready to be photographed or digitally transferred to film in preparation for making printed plates.
The process of gathering individual tabs into a certain order or sequence to create complete finished sets.
Common Body Copy
This is printing that repeats in exactly the same place on the body of each tab. It can be a company logo, a part number or anything that repeats on each tab. See Different Body Copy.
The cut is the number of tabs in a bank. For example a 5th cut tab would have 5 tabs in a bank.
Any index tab set that has custom imprinted tabs that includes our printing and die-cutting capabilities.
The process of trimming the tab extension out of the overall size tab sheet.
Different Body Copy
This is printing on the body of the tab that varies from tab sheet to tab sheet. As an example: The tabs may have each distinct tab title printed on the body of each tab sheet. See Common Body Copy.
This is the process of putting holes in the sheets. There are three factors used to define the drilling specification:
- 1) The number of holes. This is normally 3-holes, and sometimes 2-holes but it can be up to 7-holes.
- 2) The spacing of the holes. This is normally 4-1/4" center to center on 11"x 8 1/2" body size sheets. This changes to 2-3/4" center to center on 8-1/2" x 5-1/2" body size sheets.
- 3) The diameter of the holes. This is normally 5/16". Other standard sizes, such as ¼”, are available upon request.
Drytime is the amount of time it takes the ink to dry prior to lamination and tab cutting. Due to the combination of heat and pressure associated with the lamination process, the dry time on body copy projects is extended. The normal turnaround time on index tabs that have body copy is 10 calendar days from the date of final proof approval.
This a 9/16" strip of mylar laminated to the back side of the binding edge of the sheet. It is used to strengthen the sheet. Applying edge reinforcing to the tab sheet will minimize the probability a tab will be torn off the rings of a 3-ring binder. This is a wise investment if the tabs are going to be used frequently.
The tab extension is the length the tab extends out from the body of the sheet. The standard tab extension is 1/2". This means a standard tab sheet with a body-size 11" x 8-1/2"and a 1/2" extension will generally have an overall-size of 11" x 9".
The processes involved in the transformation of a press sheet that has been trimmed to the overall finished-size into an index tab. Finishing includes any combination of the following processes: lamination of mylar to the tab extension portion of the sheet; the process of tab cutting; the process of reinforcing the binding edge; hole drilling; collating and shrink-wrapping.
A plastic film used to strengthen and provide a variety of colors to the tab extension. It is applied using high temperature and pressure. Ink on the body of the sheet must be completely dry before it can be laminated.
Overs are additional sets or pieces produced due to efficiencies in the production process. An allowance for overs is considered normal when ordering custom printed-to-order products. If exact quantity is required add 10% to the unit price.
We reserve the right to ship no more than 10% over the ordered quantity and to invoice pro-rata accordingly.
Per Set Pricing
The price of one set or group of individual index tabs. For example: Suppose you have 5 tabs in a set. A $1.00 per set price represents the price of all five tabs within the set. In this example the price per tab would be $0.20.
A tab that has no mylar or plastic lamination on the tab extension.
A proof is a sheet of paper used to clearly communicate the type set tab titles and tab layout pattern. It is used to assure the tab project will be produced exactly the way you desire. Proofs are sent via email in pdf format for your review and approval. Once the proof is reviewed you provide your signature indicating approval or a request for additional changes. It is at this point any changes needed can be performed free of charge.
Printable plain or laminated blank index tabs for high-speed copier reproduction
Set of Tabs
All the tabs contained in a single unit of your order. For example: if you have 5 tabs total, then the 5 tabs whether collated or un-collated make up a set.
The shoulder or indent measures the distance from the top of the sheet to where the top tab starts (the radius), or conversely, the measure from where the bottom tab radius ends to the bottom of the sheet.
The typing of the tab titles in the desired typeface and point size, as well as the arrangement of the tab titles into perfect position for printing and tab cutting.
Many of our shipments are sent via United Parcel Service.
Working days are based on a period of time (usually calendar days excluding holidays and weekends) from the day the order is input to production to the completion of the last manufacturing process.
We would like to discuss your needs personally either by email or phone.
Please contact us for more information.
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